Dividing a project into project phases, or steps, makes it possible to lead it in the best possible direction. Through this organisations do into steps, the total work load of a project is divided into smaller components, thus making it easier to monitor. All steps included In Project management are mentioned in this article.
Each step in the project management life-cycle model above is described in more detail below:
1. Initiation step
The initiation step is the beginning of the project. In this step, the idea for the project is explored and elaborated. The goal of this step is to examine the feasibility of the project. Also, choices are made concerning who is to complete the task, which group will be included and whether the undertaking has a satisfactory base of help among the individuals who are included.
2. Definition step
After the project plan (which was developed in the initiation step) has been approved, the project enters the second step: the definition step. In this step, the requirements that are associated with a project result are specified as clearly as possible. This includes recognizing the desires that the majority of the included party have concerning the project result.
3. Design step
The list of requirements that is developed in the definition step can be used to make design choices. In the design step, one or more designs are developed, with which the project result can apparently be achieved.
4. Development step
During the development step, everything that will be needed to implement the project is arranged. Potential providers or subcontractors are acquired, a calendar is made, materials and baseline documents are requested, and guidelines are given to the personnel, etc. The development step is complete when implementation is ready to start. All issues must be clear for the individuals that will do the execution.
In some projects, particularly smaller ones, a formal development step is probably not necessary. The important point is that it must be clear what must be done in the implementation step, by whom and when.
5. Implementation step
The project takes shape during the implementation step. This step involves the construction of the actual project result. Software engineers are busy with encoding, originators are engaged with creating realistic material, contractual workers are building, and the real redesign happens.
It is during this step that the project becomes visible to outsiders, to whom it may appear that the project has just begun. The implementation step is the ‘doing’ step, and it is important to maintain the momentum.
6. Follow-up step
Although it is extremely important, the follow-up step is often neglected. During this step, everything is arranged that is necessary to bring the project to a successful completion.
Examples of activities in the follow-up step include writing handbooks, giving guidance and demonstrations to clients, setting up an assistance work area, keeping up the outcome, evaluating the project itself, composing the task report, holding a gathering to praise the outcome that has been accomplished, moving to the executives and disassembling the project team. The central question in the follow-up step concerns when and where the project ends.
Dividing a project into project phases, or steps, makes it possible to lead it in the best possible direction. To learn the most about splitting a project into steps, take a project management course, such as one offered by PMTI. Through this organisations do into steps, the total work load of a project is divided into smaller components, thus making it easier to monitor. All steps included In Project management are mentioned in this article.