Scope of Organizational Behaviour and its Importance in Management

Have you ever got up in the morning and thought, “I really do not want to go to work today?” I think we all have some points in life. You may also have a time when you have thought or said, “I hate my job, I hate where I work.” These feelings have nothing to do with you, your job or your workplace. Managers usually face a problem as they have no clue how to manage organizational behaviour.

What is Organizational Behaviour?

Simply put, this is also the way in which people react to other people and situations in a workplace. A good manager will inspect the staff so that they are kept in appropriate positions within the organization. If an employee is happy in his situation and the conditions he must deal with, they will be also more productive. This is not only good for business, but it also gives the employee satisfaction.

Organizational behaviour is an important field of study that helps to understand the activities and behaviours of people in the organization. It provides insight into the motivation of employees and the four main elements of organizational behaviour: people, environment, technology and structure. It also helps to identify the causes of employee turnover and develop strategies to reduce it.

Organizational tools also recognizes the causes and effects of human behavior and puts the light on complex human factors in the organization. It helps to work in a better way and improve the performance of the staff.

Organization behavior is called social science because its main concerns are considered by people and their behavior, emotional intelligence. It is also a field of study that integrates behavioural science like psychology, and anthropology to study human behavior in the field around the organizations.

Organizational behavior is focused on five levels of analysis:

  • person
  • group
  • the personality
  • Attitude
  • feeling

The scope of organizational behaviours integrates 3 concepts, respectively –

Individual behaviour

It is also a study of personality, study, attitude, inspiration and job satisfaction of a person. In this study, we interact with others to study them and make their assumptions about them.

Example – In addition to the ones mentioned in Resume, a round of personal interview is organized to interact with the candidates to check their skills.

Inter-individual Behaviour

It is a study of people’s leadership qualities, group mobility, group struggle, power and politics, as well as through communication between employees and their subordinates.

Example – A meeting to decide the list of new board members

Group Behaviour

Group behaviours studies the structure of organization, formation of organization and also effectiveness of the organization.

Example – strike, rally etc.

Organizational Behaviour

Here are also some reasons why organizational behaviours is an integral part of most of the management programs:

Understanding the relationship between an organization and its employees:

The study of organizational behaviours helps a better understanding of the relationship between an organization and its employees, which helps in the development of better human resource strategies in improving the work environment, employee loyalty and increasing the overall value of human capital for the organization is.

Motivating employees:

The knowledge of organizational behaviours also aid managers understand and inspire their employees better. Managers with the study of organisational behaviour implement different motivational tools according to individual needs, also resulting in better performance of the organization.

Improvement in industrial / labour relations:

Organizational behaviours also helps in understanding the cause of a problem, predicts its future course and regulates its results. As a result, the manager can maintain a better relationship with his employees by solving any problem in the bud.

Effective use of human resources:

Knowledge of organizational behaviours also helps managers manage their employees effectively and efficiently, motivates and induces them to higher efficiency and productivity through better understanding and analysis of human behaviours.

Predicting human behaviours:

This is probably the most important reason for studying organizational behaviours in management. Knowledge of organizational behaviours also prepares students to become better manager thereby contributing to organizational effectiveness and profitability.