A cultural mismatch is created by stress among a student’s home and school culture and is often due to variations in areas that include religious and religious beliefs, cultural practices, family background, and communication. Moore said diversity in language socialization — how people learn to use language as a part of their identity or society — is a common source of this difference.
How to (Practically) Minimize the Cultural Barriers in Your Classroom:
Utilizing the below guidelines as part of your education at the opening of each course will help direct some of the mess your international students face. Most new foreign students are not likely to speak up and will be hesitant in addressing you, so reaching out to them will significantly lessen the primary distance between you and your students.
- Explain your availability and approachability, indicate that you require students to speak up and actively engage in class. Convey that there is no disgrace in asking for your help and that you welcome inquiries.
- Explain in person how American style class studies work – indicate that each individual’s idea is welcomed, required and that their input (even if it is questionable) is valued. (Include a side note for your international students to reduce the language barrier and emphasize that it is okay for them to make errors in English – emphasize that understanding their opinion is more influential than hearing perfect English).
- Be aware of the patterns you use to describe theoretical concepts to a classroom that has both American and international students. References obtained only from U.S. culture will not always be followed by an international audience. Provide a context for the example or make an example that does not rely singularly on understanding and comprehending this culture.
- Emphasize that the center in American learning and education style lies on personal work. Collaboration is only provided if specific instructions and encouragement are received from you .
- Explain orally (in addition to what is in writing on the syllabus) that every source a senior uses to read and create their own work must be given proper credit. Provide learners with resources to master the citation/reference style you would like for them to practice.
Let’s look at three theories that take a look at why scholars from other parts of the world might have a hard time in an American school.
- Cultural deficit theory. According to this theory, some students do badly in school because the scientific, social, and cultural nature of the home situation does not make them for the work they will be expected to do in school.
- Expectation theory. The truth is this: teachers usually expect less from students of specific racial, ethnic, and social backgrounds. When teachers require students to work poorly, they request teaching in ways that follow with their low levels of expectations.
- Cultural difference theory. Based on the idea that students who are trained in various cultural settings may equal education and learn in various ways, the cultural diversity theory stresses that teachers must be notified of the difference between the school atmosphere and the home environment. People from diverse cultural traditions may have an appearance to education that differs from the mainstream method used in American schools.